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Acta Neurochir (Wien). 1995;134(3-4):184-9.

Endosaccular occlusion of basilar artery bifurcation aneurysms using electrically detachable coils.

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Department of Neurosurgery, University of Vienna Medical School, Austria.


Thirteen patients with basilar artery bifurcation aneurysms, treated by electrothrombosis using electrically detachable coils, are presented. Nine of them presented after hemorrhage, two with mass effect, and two were found coincidentally with other ruptured aneurysms. Selection for endovascular therapy was based on the following criteria: 1) poor clinical condition (Hunt and Hess III-V); 2) high surgical risk; 3) age and poor medical condition; 4) morphological features (small necked aneurysms). With endovascular Guglielmi detachable coils aneurysm occlusion ranging from 70-100% was achieved in all cases. All five small necked and two large broad necked aneurysms were totally occluded. Two large aneurysms had a 95% occlusion and two other large aneurysms were 90% occluded. In another patient with a large broad based aneurysm only an 80% occlusion was achieved, because of tortuosity of the vertebrobasilar system. Our last patient, who presented as grade V clinically, was partially treated with a 70% aneurysmal occlusion. The clinical results were excellent in 10 and good in 2. The only poor outcome was seen in the grade V patient. There was no morbidity or mortality related to therapy. The only complication was an asymptomatic dissecting aneurysm at the origin of the vertebral artery. Angiographic follow up time ranged from 6 to 20 months with a mean of 9 months. Four patients were treated too recently to have their angiographic follow up at 6 months. Two patients were lost to follow up. Clinical follow up ranged from 1 to 17 months with a mean of 8.9 months. The analysis of our cases clearly shows that aneurysms, which were densely packed with coils, especially if small necked, were less likely to be reperfused and showed a longlasting stable result. Large broad based aneurysms were more likely to be reopened by blood flow after the first procedure, especially if loosely filled with coils, and needed up to 3 interventions to achieve a satisfying result, whereas later in the series a high percentage rate of occlusion was seen after the first procedure. We consider now also a less than 100% occlusion acceptable, because most of the aneurysms will rupture at the dome, which was occluded in all our cases. We conclude, that this new endovascular method is a viable alternative in the treatment of posterior circulation aneurysms with a high surgical risk, in old patients and those in poor clinical and medical condition.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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