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Neurosurgery. 1996 Jan;38(1):219-24.

Laboratory testing of three intracranial pressure microtransducers: technical report.

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United Kingdom Shunt Evaluation Laboratory & Academic Neurosurgical Unit, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, England.


Three comparatively priced intracranial pressure (ICP) microtransducers are now available, each characterized by the manufacturer as having very low zero drift over long periods, an excellent frequency response, and a low measurement error. The three microtransducers, coded Transducer A (Camino OLM ICP monitor; Camino Laboratories, San Diego, CA), Transducer B (Codman Microsensor ICP Transducer; Codman & Shurtlef Inc., Randolph, MA), and Transducer C (ICP Monitoring Catheter Kit OPX-SD [4F]; InnerSpace Medical, Irvine, CA), were examined in a pressure-flow test rig designed for assessment of hydrocephalus shunts. All three microtransducers compiled with the manufacturers' specifications and gave high-quality readings under test conditions. However, some differences were noted; Transducer C had the lowest 24-hour zero drift (drifts in all transducers were < 0.8 mm Hg). The temperature drift was very low in Transducer B and C, but Transducer A had a significantly higher drift (0.27 mm Hg/degrees C). Transducer A had a static error < 0.3 mm Hg, Transducer B < 2 mm Hg, and Transducer C < 8 mm Hg. Frequency detection in Transducers A and B were very good (bandwidth, > 30 Hz), whereas Transducer C had a limited bandwidth of 20 Hz. Transducer B scored the best overall, but all three scored satisfactorily during bench testing.

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