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J Interferon Cytokine Res. 1995 Dec;15(12):1029-35.

Induction of apoptotic nuclei by interferon-gamma and by predesquamin in cultured keratinocytes.

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Department of Dermatology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston 77555, USA.


Predesquamin is a glycoprotein found in the transition layer and the lower stratum corneum of human epidermis. Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) induces the synthesis of predesquamin by keratinocytes in culture. We now show ultrastructurally that exogenous addition of either predesquamin or IFN-gamma to cultured keratinocytes induces apoptotic nuclei with condensed chromatin. Degradation of cellular DNA is also evident as a ladder pattern in an agarose gel. After incubation with both predesquamin and IFN-gamma (but not either alone), the mobility of plasmid DNA in a gel shows retardation specific for guanine residues. This binding to the DNA may impart to it a conformational change that facilitates access by endogenous cellular nucleases. In epidermal cells cultured with IFN-gamma supplementation, we also show by RT-PCR that there is an upregulation of the genes c-myc, p53, gadd45, dsRNA-activated protein kinase, and 2'-5'-oligo(A)-dependent RNase, which have all been implicated in apoptosis in other cell types. These results are pertinent to the mechanism of occurrence of apoptosis in the epidermis in vivo, where predesquamin and IFN-gamma are endogenous. Programmed cell death is an inherent step in the terminal differentiation and desquamation of the epidermis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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