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Sleep. 1995 Dec;18(10):890-4.

Power density in theta/alpha frequencies of the waking EEG progressively increases during sustained wakefulness.

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  • 1Psychiatric University Clinic, Basel, Switzerland.


Electroencephalogram (EEG) power density and self-rated fatigue were assessed in nine healthy women during a 40-hour period of sustained wakefulness under constant behavioral and environmental conditions (constant routine protocol). Waking EEG recordings were performed for 4 minutes after 3, 10, 27 and 34 hours of prior wakefulness. EEG power density in the 6.25- to 9.0-Hz frequency range progressively increased across the four recordings, suggesting an endogenous homeostatic component in the regulation of the theta/alpha frequencies under constant conditions. Subjective fatigue also exhibited an increasing component in the course of the constant routine protocol, with a clear circadian modulation. Fatigue ratings and the theta/ alpha power density of the waking EEG recorded at the same four time points during the constant routine protocol correlated significantly. Our data demonstrate the presence of a homeostatic component in the control of EEG power density in the 6.25- to 9.0-Hz range.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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