Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biomed Pharmacother. 1995;49(9):415-21.

Insulin-like growth factors and breast cancer.

Author information

Department of Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio 78284-7884, USA.


Several years of research have indicated that the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) family of ligands, receptors and binding proteins are expressed in human breast cancer. The ligands are potent mitogens for breast cancer cell lines, and blockade of IGF signaling inhibits tumor growth. The IGFs can be regulated in normal and neoplastic tissue, indicating their important role in proliferation. For example, estrogen, a hormone important in the growth and progression of breast cancer is able to alter expression of IGF ligands, receptors and binding proteins. In addition, recent data now indicate that IGF ligands can also activate estrogen receptor (ER) in a ligand-independent manner. The apparent cross-talk between IGF and ER signaling is especially important to consider since anti-estrogens, such as tamoxifen, are a major modality for the treatment of breast cancer. Recent data suggest that IGFs may also be involved in tamoxifen resistance, through upregulation of the IGF-I receptor. Thus blockade of IGF signaling in combination with tamoxifen may prove to be a beneficial treatment for breast cancer patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center