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Biometals. 1996 Apr;9(2):191-203.

Purification, spectroscopic analysis and biological activity of the macrocyclic dihydroxamate siderophore alcaligin produced by Bordetella pertussis and Bordetella bronchiseptica.

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Department of Microbiology and Immunology, East Carolina University School of Medicine, Greenville, NC, USA.


Hydroxamate siderophores of virulent Bordetella pertussis and Bordetella bronchiseptica strains were purified using a simple large-scale isolation procedure, and identified by various spectroscopic techniques as the macrocyclic dihydroxamate siderophore trivially known as alcaligin, 1,8(S),11,18(S)- tetrahydroxy-1,6,11,16-tetraazacycloeicosane-2,5,12,15-tetrone+ ++, which was previously isolated from the taxonomically-related bacterial species Alcaligenes denitrificans subsp. xylosoxydans. Alcaligin purified from iron-depleted cultures of B. pertussis and B. bronchiseptica exhibited specific growth-promoting activity under iron-restricted conditions for Bordetella indicator strains, and ere active in [55Fe]ferric alcaligin transport assays. Evidence suggests that several C2-symmetric conformations of alcaligin exist simultaneously in both methanolic and aqueous solution.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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