Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Curr Opin Cell Biol. 1996 Jun;8(3):354-7.

Influences of the cell cycle on silencing.

Author information

  • 1Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley 94720, USA. cath@mendel.berkeley.edu

Abstract

Silencing in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a form of transcriptional repression that involves the assembly of a specialized and heritable structure of chromatin. The HML and HMR loci, which contain copies of the genes found at the yeast mating-type locus, are silenced, as are telomeres. These examples share several features which are also found in position-effect variegation in flies and X-chromosome inactivation and genomic imprinting in mammals. Silenced chromatin is confined to a few special domains of the yeast genome, and active genes inserted into these domains become silenced. Molecular and genetic evidence has suggested that the establishment of silenced chromatin requires some S phase specific function. Recent experiments indicate that the assembly and maintenance of silenced chromatin can also be influenced at other phases of the cell cycle.

PMID:
8743886
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center