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J Auton Nerv Syst. 1996 Apr 20;58(1-2):56-62.

Acrylamide-induced neuropathic changes in rat enteric nerves: similarities with effects of streptozotocin-diabetes.

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  • 1Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, University College London, UK.

Abstract

The effect of acrylamide intoxication (a widely used model for autonomic neuropathy) on the fluorescence intensity and density of catecholamine- and peptide-containing nerve fibres and tissue content of noradrenaline and the peptides vasoactive intestinal polypeptide, calcitonin gene-related peptide, substance P and neuropeptide Y in the enteric nerves of rat ileum was examined. Histochemical and immunohistochemical techniques were used to localize catecholamine- and peptide-containing nerve fibres. The tissue content of noradrenaline was measured using high-performance liquid chromatography, and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay technique was used to determine the tissue content of the peptides investigated. Acrylamide intoxication caused a significant decrease in the density of catecholamine-containing nerve fibres and tissue content of noradrenaline in the myenteric plexus of rat ileum. A decrease in tissue content and immunoreactivity of calcitonin gene-related peptide and an increase in vasoactive intestinal polypeptide was seen in the myenteric plexus of ileum from acrylamide-intoxicated rats. In the submucous plexus, the acrylamide treatment caused a decrease in calcitonin gene-related peptide immunoreactivity and an increase in vasoactive intestinal polypeptide and neuropeptide Y immunoreactivity. There was no change in either tissue content or immunoreactivity of substance P in both myenteric and submucous plexuses of the treated rat ileum. These changes have a striking similarity with those found in the enteric nerves of streptozotocin-diabetic rat ileum, suggesting the possible presence of an underlying common mechanism(s) in the development of neuropathic changes in the autonomic nerves of acrylamide-intoxicated and streptozotocin-diabetic rats.

PMID:
8740660
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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