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Clin Biochem. 1996 Jun;29(3):267-71.

Ret and trk proto-oncogene activation in thyroid papillary carcinomas in French patients from the Champagne-Ardenne region.

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1
Institut Jean Godinot, Reims, France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To investigate the presence of ret and trk proto-oncogene rearrangements in thyroid tumors.

DESIGN AND METHODS:

High-molecular-weight DNA was extracted from 36 thyroid tumors (1 multinodular goiter, 14 follicular adenomas, 16 papillary carcinomas, 1 lymph node metastasis of a papillary carcinoma, 1 follicular carcinoma, and 3 medullary carcinomas) and 22 adjacent tissues. Southern blot analysis was performed after digestion with EcoR1 or BamH1, using specific probes for ret and trk.

RESULTS:

Only 2 ret rearrangements were found in 2 papillary carcinomas (overall frequency: 6%; papillary carcinoma frequency: 13%). All normal or tumor samples were negative for the presence of a trk rearrangement.

CONCLUSIONS:

The previous data from the literature are highly conflicting, ranging from 0 to 30% of activation. Our results could be, therefore, classified as medium between these extreme values. It seems, therefore, that genetic and/or geographical factors could play a role in ret and trk proto-oncogene activation.

PMID:
8740514
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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