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Exp Brain Res. 1996 Apr;109(1):33-42.

A comparison of the early development of ischemic brain damage in normoglycemic and hyperglycemic rats using magnetic resonance imaging.

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Marine Biomedical Institute, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston 77555-1143, USA.


The early evolution of ischemic brain injury under normoglycemic and streptozotocin-induced hyperglycemic plasma conditions was studied using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to either permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), or 1-h MCAO followed by reperfusion using the intraluminal suture insertion method. The animals were divided into four groups each with eight rats: normoglycemia with permanent MCAO, normoglycemia with 1-h MCAO, hyperglycemia with permanent MCAO, and hyperglycemia with 1-h MCAO. Diffusion-weighted images (DWIs) and T2-weighted images (T2WIs) were aquired every 1 h from 20 min until 6 h after MCAO, at which time cerebral plasma volume images (PVIs) were acquired. Tissue infarction was determined by triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining at 7 h after MCAO. The ischemic damage, measured as the area of DWI and T2WI hyperintensity and tissue infarction, increased significantly in hyperglycemic rats in both permanent and transient MCAO models. In the permanent MCAO model, the maximal apparent water diffusion coefficient (ADC) decline under either normo- or hyperglycemia was about 40%, but the speed of ADC drop was faster in hyperlgycemic rats than in normoglycemic rats. Reperfusion after 1 h of MCAO in normoglycemic rats partly reversed the decline in ADC, whereas the low ADC area continued to expand after reperfusion in the hyperglycemic group. Between the two hyperglycemic groups with either permanent MCAO or reperfusion, no significant difference was found in the infarct volume measured at 7 h after MCAO. However, reperfusion dramatically increased the extent and accelerated the development rate of vasogenic edema. ADC in the hyperglycemic reperfusion group also dropped to a lower level. A large "no-reflow" zone was found in the ischemic hemisphere in the hyperglycemic reperfusion group. This study provides strong evidence to support that preischemic hyperglycemia exacerbates ischemic damage in both transient and permanent MCAO models and demonstrates, using MRI, that reperfusion under preischemic hyperglycemia accelerates the evolution of early ischemic injury.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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