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J Neurosci Res. 1996 May 15;44(4):301-7.

Loss of myelin basic protein cationicity in DM20 transgenic mice is dosage dependent.

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Department of Biochemistry, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada.


Demyelination in the transgenic mice depended on the dosage of the cDNA for DM20, in which low copy numbers (two to four and 17 copies of the minigene) showed no signs of demyelination. However when transgenic mice with 17 copies were made homozygous with 34 copies of the DM20 minigene (ND3A hm.) demyelination was observed at around 12 to 16 months compared with ND4 mice having 70 copies of the transgene which had an earlier onset of demyelinating symptoms at 3 months, demonstrating a transgene dosage effect. The process by which demyelination was initiated was associated with changes in myelin basic protein. An increased abundance of less cationic MBP (C-8) isomers occurred prior to demyelination. This increase was also associated with increased activity of peptidylarginine deiminase, the enzyme which converts arginine to citrulline in proteins, thereby providing a mechanism for generating less cationic forms of MBP. These data support a dosage effect of the DM20 transgene.

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