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Exp Brain Res. 1996 May;109(2):209-18.

Afferents to the seizure-sensitive neurons in layer III of the medial entorhinal area: a tracing study in the rat.

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1
Maryland Psychiatric Research Center, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, USA.

Abstract

Neurons in layer III of the medial entorhinal area (MEA) in the rat are extremely vulnerable to local injections of amino-oxyacetic acid and to experimentally induced limbic seizures. A comparable specific pathology has been noted in surgical specimens from patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. Efforts to understand this preferential neuronal vulnerability led us to study the neural input to this layer in the rat. Iontophoretic injection of the retrograde tracer fast blue, aimed at layer III of the MEA, resulted in retrogradely labeled neurons in the presubiculum in all the injected hemispheres. The nucleus reuniens thalami, the anteromedial thalamic nucleus, the ventral portion of the claustrum (endopiriform nucleus), the dorsomedial parts of the anteroventral thalamic nucleus, and the septum-diagonal band complex were labeled less frequently. In only one experiment, retrogradely labeled neurons were observed in the ventrolateral hypothalamus and in the brainstem nucleus raphe dorsalis. Since projections from claustrum to the entorhinal cortex has not been studied in the rat with modern sensitive anterograde tracing techniques, iontophoretic injections of the anterograde tracer Phaseolus vulgaris-leucoagglutinin were placed into the ventral portion of the claustrum. Anterogradely labeled fibers in the entorhinal area proved not to be confined to the MEA, since a prominent projection distributed to the lateral entorhinal area as well. In both areas, the densest terminal labeling was present in layers IV-VI, whereas layer III appeared to be only sparsely labeled. The present data indicate that of all potential afferents only those from the presubiculum distribute preferentially to layer III of the MEA. This, in turn, suggests a potentially important role of the presubiculum in the seizure-related degeneration of neurons in layer III of the MEA.

PMID:
8738371
DOI:
10.1007/bf00231782
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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