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Vision Res. 1996 Apr;36(7):1023-36.

Effects on the compensatory responses to positive and negative lenses of intermittent lens wear and ciliary nerve section in chicks.

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Centre for Eye Research, Queensland University of Technology and Vision, Brisbane, Australia.


This study examined the ocular compensation to lens-induced defocus in chick and the effect of interrupting lens wear on a daily basis. Eyes fitted with +10 D lenses at hatching compensated rapidly, with almost complete compensation after 4 days of lens wear; they had decreased vitreous chamber depth compared to normal eyes and were thus hyperopic when the lenses were removed. In contrast, adaptation to the -10 D lenses was much slower, was still incomplete after 9 days of lens wear, and in this case, eyes had increased vitreous chamber depth and were myopic without the lenses. Adaptation improved when lens wear was delayed until 7 days after hatching. The effect of interrupting lens wear by periods of normal vision varied with the sign of the lenses worn. Hyperopia was always seen in response to +10 D lenses, although the magnitude of the response decreased as the duration of lens wear was decreased. In contrast, even brief periods of normal vision, i.e., 3 hr, prevented the development of myopia in response to the -10 D lenses; this apparent sensitivity to normal vision is similar to that reported for form-deprivation myopia. Ciliary nerve section used here to eliminate accommodation did not alter these response patterns.

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