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Vision Res. 1996 Mar;36(6):787-95.

L-Glutamate-induced responses in OFF-type bipolar cells of the cat retina.

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Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.


L-Glutamate (Glu)-induced current responses were studied in 119 isolated OFF-type bipolar cells of the cat retina. Cells were recorded by the patch clamp technique in the whole-cell configuration. Glu induced a current carried by alkali metal ions and divalent cations with a permeability ratio of PNa:PK:PCs:PCa = 1:0.94:1.32:0.57. Sensitivity to Glu was highest in the dendritic region. Kainate and AMPA worked as potent agonists, but neither APB, L-aspartate, ACPD, nor NMDA (all at 100 microM) was effective. The Glu-induced response was antagonized by > 1 microM CNQX. We inferred that OFF-type bipolar cells have a non-NMDA receptor channel that is permeable to alkali metal ions with low selectivity, but not NMDA receptor or metabotropic Glu receptor.

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