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Vaccine. 1996 Apr;14(5):435-8.

Immunogenicity, efficacy and serological correlate of protection of Salmonella typhi Vi capsular polysaccharide vaccine three years after immunization.

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Department of Medical Microbiology, School of Pathology, SAIMR/University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.


The protective efficacy and immunogenicity of Vi capsular polysaccharide vaccine against typhoid fever was measured 3 years after its administration in a double-blind randomized trial. Vaccine efficacy was not significantly different during each year of the trial and was 55% (95% CI: 30-71%) over the 3 year period. In a case-control study at 3 years after vaccination, recipients of Vi had higher levels of Vi antibodies than controls, as measured by radio-immunoassay (GMT 1.28 vs 0.76 microgram ml-1, P = 0.0004) and by passive haemagglutination assay (GMT 10.46 vs 3.52, P = 0.0001). The serological correlate of protection has been estimated using the relative risks of typhoid fever in the 2 groups and the relative ratio of antibody levels. The estimated protective level is 1 microgram ml-1 suggesting that at a mean age of 9 years, 64% of vaccinates and 40% of controls had protective antibody against typhoid fever in this endemic area.

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