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Hear Res. 1996 Apr;93(1-2):181-7.

Genetics of age-related hearing loss in mice. III. Susceptibility of inbred and F1 hybrid strains to noise-induced hearing loss.

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Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cincinnati, OH 45221,


Some humans and mice are genetically predisposed to age-related hearing loss (AHL), and others are variously susceptible to noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). The inbred C57BL/6J (B6) mice exhibit AHL at an early age, whereas the inbred CBA/CaJ (CB) mice do not. The B6 mice are much more susceptible to NIHL than are the CB mice (Shone et al., 1991; Li, 1992a). The B6 mice possess an Ahl gene which maps to chromosome 10 (Erway et al., 1995). This study was designed, using these two inbred strains plus two F1 hybrid strains of mice, to begin to test the hypothesis that the Ahl genotypes may influence the susceptibility to NIHL. These strains of mice (with putative genotypes) are: inbred CB (+/+) and B6 (Ahl/Ahl); hybrid CBB6F1 (+/Ahl) and B6D2F1 (Ahl/Ahl; D2 represents inbred DBA/2J). Twenty-four mice of each of these four strains were exposed to noise (110 dB for 0, 1 or 2 h) and tested for auditory-evoked brainstem response (ABR) thresholds. The CB and CBB6F1 strains of mice did not differ significantly from each other, exhibiting mostly temporary threshold shifts. The B6 and B6D2F1 strains of mice did not differ significantly from each other, but did exhibit permanent threshold shifts. These results support the hypothesis that genetic predisposition to AHL may be revealed at a younger age by NIHL. This suggests that it may be possible to use the NIHL to distinguish segregating genotypes (+/Ahl vs. Ahl/Ahl) among backcross progeny and thereby to identify and map single genes for AHL.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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