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Hear Res. 1996 Apr;93(1-2):28-51.

Generators of the brainstem auditory evoked potential in cat. II. Correlating lesion sites with waveform changes.

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Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston 02114, USA.


Brainstem regions involved in generating the brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) were identified by examining the effects of lesions on the click-evoked BAEP in cats. An excitotoxin, kainic acid, was injected into various parts of the cochlear nucleus (CN) or into the superior olivary complex (SOC). The locations of the resulting lesions were correlated with the changes produced in the various extrema of the BAEP waveforms. The results indicate that: (1) the earliest BAEP extrema (P1, N1 (recorded between vertex and the earbar ipsilateral to the stimulus) and P1a, P1b, (vertex to contralateral earbar)) are generated by cells with somata peripheral to the CN; (2) P2 is primarily generated by posterior anteroventral CN (AVCNp) and anterior posteroventral CN (PVCNa) cells; (3) SOC, anterior anteroventral CN (AVCNa), AVCNp, and PVCNa cells are involved in generating P3; (4) AVCNa cells are the main CN cells involved in P4, N4, and P5 generation; (5) both ipsilateral and contralateral SOC cells have a role in generating monaurally evoked P4 and P5; and (6) P5 is generated by cells with characteristic frequencies below 10 kHz. From (2) and (4), it is clear that P2 and P4-P5 are generated by cells in distinct, parallel pathways.

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