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Vet Microbiol. 1996 Apr;49(3-4):159-68.

Comparison of virulence of different Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serotypes and biotypes using an aerosol infection model.

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Danish Veterinary Laboratory, Copenhagen, Denmark.


An aerosol infection model for inoculation of pigs with Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae is described. With this model the virulence of three A. pleuropneumoniae biotype 1 strains representing serotypes 2, 5b and 6, and one Danish biotype 2 were compared using 13-week-old pigs for inoculation. The pigs were sacrificed 24 h after aerosol exposure and lung lesions were evaluated. In pigs exposed to aerosols of suspensions containing 10(4) CFU/ml of serotypes 2, 5b and 6, a number of 5-10 lesions of haemorrhagic necrotizing pneumonia were induced. For the biotype 2 strain the dose creating similar lesions was 10(9) CFU/ml. Repeated experiments confirmed these results showing similar virulence of serotypes 2, 5b and 6 whereas the biotype 2 strain proved less virulent. The aerosol infection model allowed a comparison of the number of A. pleuropneumoniae CFU/liter air which were necessary to induce lung lesions in susceptible pigs. This indicates that the model will be well suited for virulence studies of A. pleuropneumoniae serotypes in pigs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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