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J Voice. 1996 Jun;10(2):129-38.

Bifurcations in excised larynx experiments.

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Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA.


Bifurcation analysis was applied to vocal fold vibration in excised larynx experiments. Phonation onset and vocal instabilities were studied in a parameter plane spanned by subglottal pressure and asymmetry of either vocal fold adduction or elongation. Various phonatory regimes were observed, including single vocal fold oscillations. Selected spectra demonstrated correspondence between these regimes and vocal registers noted in the literature. To illustrate the regions spanned by the various phonatory regimes, two-dimensional bifurcation diagrams were generated. Many instabilities or bifurcations were noted in the regions of coexistence, i.e., regions in which the phonatory regimes overlap. Bifurcations were illustrated with spectrograms and fundamental frequency contours. Where possible, results from these studies were related to clinical observations.

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