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J Clin Immunol. 1996 May;16(3):144-50.

Mucosal inflammatory cytokine production by intestinal biopsies in patients with ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease.

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Service d'Hépatogastroentérologie et d'Assistance Nutritive, CHRU Hautepierre, Strasbourg, France.


Chronic inflammation in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD; Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis) may be attributed partly to increased secretion of inflammatory cytokines. The aim of this study was to investigate simultaneously the spontaneous release patterns of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1-beta (IL-1 beta), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) by organ cultures of inflamed mucosa from IBD patients. Organ cultures of involved IBD mucosa spontaneously produced increased amounts of TNF-alpha, IL-1 beta, and IL-6 compared to normal mucosa. The patterns of cytokine release between Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis organ cultures were not significantly different. Increased inflammatory cytokine production by lamina propria mononuclear cells (LPMCs) and mucosa treated with EDTA suggests that these cytokines originate mainly from LPMCs. These results confirm the role of inflammatory cytokines in IBD and shed a new light on the role of TNF-alpha in IBD.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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