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Viral Immunol. 1996;9(1):11-22.

Immunogenicity of bovine herpesvirus 1 glycoprotein D in mice: effect of antigen form on the induction of cellular and humoral immune responses.

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Veterinary Infectious Disease Organization, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada.


For the development of veterinary subunit vaccines, modifications to the antigen may be needed to make the production of these vaccines cost effective. To investigate the effect of antigen modifications on immune response, we used glycoprotein D, one of the major glycoproteins of bovine herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1), as a model antigen. We developed a mouse model to assess the immune response elicited by immunization with either a recombinant truncated (tgD) or the authentic full-length (gD) form of BHV-1 gD in VSA3, a novel water-in-oil adjuvant. Both forms of BHV-1 gD antigen induced good levels of cell-mediated immunity, as evaluated by antigen-specific proliferative response and cytokine (IFN-gamma and IL-4) production. Following primary immunization, the humoral immune response induced by gD was superior to that elicited by vaccination with tgD. However, after a secondary immunization, a strong and similar antibody response to BHV-1 gD was induced by both forms of the antigen. The difference in immunogenicity between gD and tgD after primary immunization was not due to the loss of immunogenic epitopes in the truncated antigen or the ability to associate with the adjuvant VSA3. Our results indicate that both gD and tgD are capable of efficiently inducing a cell-mediated immune response, and although recombinant tgD is less efficient in inducing a primary humoral immune response when compared to the full-length gD, tgD effectively primed for a secondary antibody response.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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