Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Med Genet. 1996 May;33(5):387-94.

Cytogenetic and epidemiological findings in Down syndrome, England and Wales 1989 to 1993. National Down Syndrome Cytogenetic Register and the Association of Clinical Cytogeneticists.

Author information

1
Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, Medical College of St Bartholomew's Hospital, London.

Abstract

Data from the National Down Syndrome Cytogenetic Register is used to describe the cytogenetics and epidemiology of registered cases. The register comprises notifications from cytogenetics laboratories in England and Wales. This report is of 5737 cases registered between 1989 and 1993: 2169 prenatal and 3436 postnatal diagnoses, and 132 spontaneous abortions. Eighty eight registrations were from multiple pregnancies. Ninety five percent had regular trisomy 21. In 4% there was a translocation, mostly Robertsonian t(14;21) or t(21;21). One percent were mosaics with one normal cell line. Mean maternal age was raised in free trisomy 21, but not in translocations. Where families had been investigated, about a third of translocations were inherited, six to seven times more often from the mother than the father. Associations between free trisomy 21 and structural chromosomal defects in the births were no more common than expected from newborn series. The overall sex ratio was raised (male to female: 1.23 to 1), and there was an excess of associated male sex chromosomal aneuploidy. However, in mosaics with one normal cell line the male to female ratio was 0.8 to 1, and in twins discordant for trisomy 21 there was also a female excess.

Comment in

PMID:
8733049
PMCID:
PMC1050608
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center