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J Med Vet Mycol. 1996 Mar-Apr;34(2):111-6.

Molecular karyotyping of multiple yeast species isolated from nine patients with AIDS during prolonged fluconazole therapy.

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Medical College of Virginia/Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond 23298-0049, USA.


Variations in molecular karyotype and fluconazole susceptibility of serial yeast isolates from the oral cavities of nine patients with AIDS receiving fluconazole for single or multiple episodes of oropharyngeal candidiasis were monitored. Multiple yeast species were isolated from the initial oral specimens in six patients. Molecular karyotyping identified at least eight different DNA subtypes of C. albicans, at least eight of T. glabrata and only one DNA subtype each of C. krusei, C. tropicalis and C. parapsilosis. Among isolates of T. glabrata, fluconazole MICs in each patient were consistently within one or two dilutions, regardless of strain variations. Similarly, among five patients monitored during one course of therapy, the MICs of fluconazole of C. albicans isolates of either the same or different DNA subtypes remained within two dilutions. However, increases in MICs of fluconazole of C. albicans were observed in four patients who received two or more courses of fluconazole, three of whom had the same DNA subtype and one of whom changed from one DNA subtype to another.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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