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FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 1996 Feb;13(2):95-9.

In vitro and in vivo induction of nitric oxide by murine macrophages stimulated with Bordetella pertussis.

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Division of Infectious Diseases, Regional Hospital, Varese, Italy.


Nitric oxide (NO) exhibits potent antimicrobial activity in vitro. The function of NO in host defenses in vivo, however, is presently unclear. Experiments were undertaken to determine the production of NO in vitro from murine peritoneal and alveolar macrophages, and murine macrophage cell line (J774A.1) stimulated with Bordetella pertussis or pertussis toxin (PT). In addition, we determined circulating levels of NO in the sera and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluids of mice infected intranasally with B. pertussis. The results of this study showed that in vitro murine peritoneal macrophages induce production of NO in response to B. pertussis and PT. In addition, murine macrophage cell line, J774A.1 also induces NO production after stimulation with B. pertussis. NO production was also detected in alveolar macrophages from mice infected intranasally with B. pertussis. Finally, a significant increment of circulating levels of NO was noted, in the sera but not in the BAL fluids, of mice infected intranasally with B. pertussis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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