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Mol Microbiol. 1996 Mar;19(6):1343-55.

Sequence analysis and molecular characterization of the temperate lactococcal bacteriophage r1t.

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Department of Genetics, Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute, University of Groningen, NN Haren, The Netherlands.


The temperate lactococcal bacteriophage r1t was isolated from its lysogenic host and its genome was subjected to nucleotide sequence analysis. The linear r1t genome is composed of 33,350 bp and was shown to possess 3' staggered cohesive ends. Fifty open reading frames (ORFs) were identified which are, probably, organized in a life-cycle-specific manner. Nucleotide sequence comparisons, N-terminal amino acid sequencing and functional analyses enabled the assignment of possible functions to a number of DNA sequences and ORFs. In this way, ORFs specifying regulatory proteins, proteins involved in DNA replication, structural proteins, a holin, a lysin, an integrase, and a dUTPase were putatively identified. One ORF seems to be contained within a self-splicing group I intron. In addition, the bacteriophage att site required for site-specific integration into the host chromosome was determined.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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