Send to

Choose Destination
Cancer Gene Ther. 1996 Mar-Apr;3(2):75-82.

Irradiation of singly and doubly transduced murine neuroblastoma cells expressing B7-1 and producing interferon-gamma reduces their capacity to induce systemic immunity.

Author information

Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455, USA.


We have previously reported that immunization with low major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I expressing murine neuroblastoma (neuro-2a) transduced with B7-1 fails to induce significant protection to wild-type tumor challenge. In this study we investigated whether B7-1 expressing neuro-2a cells can stimulate an effective T-cell response if they were cotransduced with the interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) gene to upregulate MHC class I. Transfer of both the IFN-gamma and B7-1 genes into neuro-2a (N-2a/B7-1/IFN) almost completely abrogated the tumorigenic potential of this tumor and improved survival when compared with mice receiving the single transductants, N-2a/IFN and N-2a/B7-1. Rejection of N-2a/B7-1/IFN was mediated primarily by CD8+ T cells. When irradiated tumor cells were tested, IFN-gamma gene transfer into neuro-2a significantly increased immunogenicity, but transfer of the B7-1 gene did not. However, nonirradiated N-2a/B7-1, N-2a/IFN, and N-2a/B7-1/IFN cells were significantly more effective in eliciting systemic immunity against subsequent wild-type tumor challenge than their irradiated counterparts. N-2a/B7-1/IFN was more immunogenic than N-2a/B7-1 but not more than N-2a/IFN, indicating that B7-1 does not further increase immunogenicity of neuro-2a over that induced by IFN-gamma transduction. These findings should be considered when designing gene modified tumor vaccines for use in human trials.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center