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J Interferon Cytokine Res. 1996 May;16(5):395-402.

Induction of tumor necrosis factor alpha expression in human T lymphocytes following ionizing gamma irradiation.

Author information

1
Laboratoire de Génétique Moléculaire et Biologie du Développement, Villejuif, France.

Abstract

In this work, we present evidence that enriched human peripheral blood T lymphocytes, depleted of contaminating monocytes, rapidly express tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) mRNA when exposed to low doses of gamma-irradiation. In total PBL, TNF-alpha mRNA accumulation increased threefold as early as 30 minutes following exposure to 4 Gy and then declined to the baseline level by 3-5 h, as measured by the reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The increase in TNF-alpha mRNA was also observed in populations of enriched T cells and decreased when the dose of irradiation was increased to 10 Gy, strongly suggesting that T lymphocytes, the most radiosensitive cells of the body, contributed directly to the increase of TNF-alpha mRNA. A good correlation was found between mRNA expression and TNF-alpha protein secretion. Interestingly, a eightfold increase in glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) mRNA accumulation was also detected in both PBL and enriched T cells irradiated at 4 Gy for 3 h compared with unirradiated cells. This irradiation effect was almost completely abolished, however, following exposure to 10 Gy. Together these data suggest that T cells are responsible for the irradiation-induced expression of TNF-alpha and GAPDH.

PMID:
8727080
DOI:
10.1089/jir.1996.16.395
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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