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J Comp Neurol. 1996 May 6;368(3):356-70.

Differential expression of annexins I-VI in the rat dorsal root ganglia and spinal cord.

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1
Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Ohio 45267-0576, USA.

Abstract

The annexins are a family of Ca(2+)-dependent phospholipid-binding proteins. In the present study, the spatial expression patterns of annexins I-VI were evaluated in the rat dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and spinal cord (SC) by using indirect immunofluorescence. Annexin I is expressed in small sensory neurons of the DRG, by most neurons of the SC, and by ependymal cells lining the central canal. Annexin II is expressed by most sensory neurons of the DRG but is primarily expressed in the SC by glial cells. Annexin III is expressed by most sensory neurons, regardless of size, by endothelial cells lining the blood vessels, and by the perineurium. In the SC, annexin III is primarily expressed by astrocytes. In the DRG and the SC, annexin IV is primarily expressed by glial cells and at lower levels by neurons. In the DRG, annexin V is expressed in relatively high concentrations in small sensory neurons in contrast to the SC, where it is expressed mainly by ependymal cells and by small-diameter axons located in the superficial laminae of the dorsal horn areas. Annexin VI is differentially expressed by sensory neurons of the DRG, being more concentrated in small neurons. In the SC, annexin VI has the most striking distribution. It is concentrated subjacent to the plasma membrane of motor neurons and their processes. The differential localization pattern of annexins in cells of the SC and DRG could reflect their individual biological roles in Ca(2+)-signal transduction within the central nervous system.

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