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J Periodontol. 1996 May;67(5):506-14.

The "cyclic" regimen of low-dose doxycycline for adult periodontitis: a preliminary study.

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Department of Periodontology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, USA.


Specially-formulated low-dose doxycycline (LDD) regimens have been found to reduce collagenase activity in the gingival tissues and crevicular fluid (GCF) of adult periodontitis subjects in short-term studies. In the current, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, adult periodontitis patients were administered for 6 months a "cyclical" regimen of either LDD or placebo capsules; and various clinical parameters of periodontal disease severity, and both collagenase activity and degradation of the serum protein, alpha 1-PI, in the GCF were measured at different time periods. No significant differences between the LDD- and placebo-treated groups were observed for plaque index and gingival index. However, attachment levels, probing depth, and GCF collagenase activity and alpha 1-PI degradation were all beneficially and significantly (P < 0.05) affected by the drug regimen. We propose: 1) that LDD inhibits tissue destruction in the absence of either antimicrobial or significant anti-inflammatory efficacy; and 2) that long-term LDD could be a useful adjunct to instrumentation therapy in the management of the adult periodontitis patient.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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