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Glia. 1996 May;17(1):39-51.

In vivo characterization of endogenous proliferating cells in adult rat subcortical white matter.

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Department of Physiology and Cellular Biophysics, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10032, USA.


Proliferating cells in adult rat subcortical white matter were characterized in vivo using stereotactic injections of a replication-deficient retrovirus containing the construct for beta galactosidase (BAG); BAG was deposited into the cingulum at the level of the septal nuclei. Morphological profiles, generated using Xgal substrate to visualize labeled cells, revealed a population of simple, immature cells. The antigenic profile, generated immunohistochemically with cell-specific markers 2 or 30 days post injection (dpi), showed a population of cells that primarily expressed nestin or an oligodendrocyte-specific glutathione-S-transferase isoform, Yp (GST-Yp) at 2 dpi and nestin, GST-Yp or Rip at 30 dpi. Occasionally, labeled cells differentiated in vivo into myelinating oligodendrocytes 30 dpi. Labeled cells did not express the astrocyte markers GFAP, GST-Yb, or S100 beta at 2 or 30 dpi. Comparisons of cell distribution 2 and 30 dpi indicated the non-migratory nature of these cells. Cell distribution patterns and nearest neighbor analyses confirmed the emergence of clusters of labeled cells 30 dpi, which bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation studies suggested arose from continued proliferation of some labeled cells. In vivo characterization of proliferating cells in the adult revealed a non-migratory, primarily undifferentiated population of cells.

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