Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Neurosci Res. 1996 May 1;44(3):235-42.

Lipopolysaccharide stimulates differential expression of myristoylated protein kinase C substrates in murine microglia.

Author information

1
Atlantic Research Centre, Department of Pediatrics, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Abstract

Microglia rapidly respond to lipoplysaccharide (LPS) by transformation from resting to active states and secretion of several neuro- and immuno-regulators including tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin 1 beta (IL-1 beta), and interleukin 6 (IL-6). With longer LPS treatment, microglia are converted to reactive or phagocytic states with characteristics similar to macrophages in inflammation and injury processes. We have investigated LPS-mediated changes in two myristoylated substrates of protein kinase C (PKC): MARCKS (myristoylated alaninerich C kinase substrate) and MRP (MARCKS-related protein). Within 6 hours of addition, LPS induced a twofold increase in [3H]myristoylated and immunoreactive MARCKS protein and a sevenfold increase in MRP. The differential effect of LPS on expression of MRP vs. MARCKS was even more dramatic at the level of transcription: S1 nuclease protection assays revealed a 40-fold increase in MRP mRNA levels (maximum at 4-6 hours), whereas a threefold increase was observed for MARCKS. TNF alpha and colony-stimulating factor 1 (CSF-1), two cytokines which are induced by LPS, did not reproduce the observed effect of LPS on MARCKS and MRP gene transcription. CSF-1 also induced differential transcription of MRP, but of lower magnitude (threefold) and more sustained than by LPS. Accordingly, these two substrates for PKC are differentially up-regulated by LPS, apparently independent of TNF alpha or CSF-1.

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center