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Clin Infect Dis. 1996 May;22(5):838-40.

High-dose fluconazole therapy for cryptococcal meningitis in patients with AIDS.

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1
Institute of Infectious Diseases, University of Perugia, Italy.

Abstract

Fluconazole (800-1,000 mg i.v.) was administered to 14 consecutive patients with AIDS and cryptococcal meningitis. At 10 weeks the rate of clinical success was 54.5% (six of 11 patients responded to fluconazole); the Kaplan-Meier estimate of the response rate was 67.1%, and the overall mortality rate was 18.2% (two of 11 patients died). At the end of treatment, eight (72.7%) of 11 patients responded to fluconazole. The median time to the first negative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) culture was 33.5 days (95% confidence interval, 18.3-67.3); the median time for patients with initial CSF cryptococcal antigen titers of > or = 1:1,024 was 66 days compared with 18 days for patients with initial CSF cryptococcal antigen titers of < 1:1,024 (P = .06). The median time to the first negative CSF culture for patients with an isolate for which the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was 4 micrograms/mL was 56 days compared with 16 days for patients with an isolate for which the MIC was < 4 micrograms/mL (P = .11). The mean serum and CSF levels of fluconazole at steady state were 42.47 +/- 26.31 micrograms/mL and 36.63 +/- 21.08 micrograms/mL, respectively (ratio of CSF:serum, 0.86). No treatment was interrupted and no dose was tapered because of side effects. High-dose fluconazole might be an effective and well-tolerated therapeutic option for patients with AIDS and acute cryptococcal meningitis.

PMID:
8722942
DOI:
10.1093/clinids/22.5.838
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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