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J Antimicrob Chemother. 1996 Apr;37(4):759-68.

Characterization of antiviral activity of a sesquiterpene, triptofordin C-2.

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1
Department of Virology, Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Japan.

Abstract

The activities of 13 sesquiterpenes isolated from Tripterygium wilfordii Hook fil. var. regelii Makino were studied against herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) in vitro. Among these compounds, only triptofordin C-2 showed a selectivity index of more than 10. The compound, which could also inhibit the replication of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), did not affect either adsorption or penetration of HSV-1 to host cells, but showed moderate virucidal activity against several enveloped viruses including HSV-1, HCMV, measles virus and influenza A virus. Triptofordin C-2 suppressed viral protein synthesis of infected cells when added at early steps of HSV-1 replication and exerted inhibition of translation of the transcripts of the immediate early genes. When acyclovir and triptofordin C-2 were evaluated in combination for antiviral activity against HSV-1 replication, additive antiviral effects were observed for this virus.

PMID:
8722541
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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