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Bone Marrow Transplant. 1996 Apr;17(4):509-15.

The absolute number of circulating CD34+ cells predicts the number of hematopoietic stem cells that can be collected by apheresis.

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Division of Hematology and Immunology, Brussels, Belgium.


We report our single institution's effort to standardize the method of collecting peripheral blood progenitor cells (PBPC) used for autologous transplantation. PBPC were mobilized by different types of chemotherapy followed by G-CSF (24 patients) or G-CSF alone (six patients) in 30 patients with various underlying neoplastic diseases. A median of three aphereses (range: 2-7), using the CS3000 cell separator was performed and a blood volume of 101 was processed. We studied the relationship between the absolute numbers of circulating leukocytes, mononuclear cells and CD34+ cells and the amount of PBPC collected during a single apheresis procedure. CD34+ cells were quantified by leukocyte subset analysis based on flow cytometry. Both CFU-GM and CD34+ cell contents of the apheresis products (69 procedures analyzed) correlated strongly: rho = 0.936, P = 0.0001). Regression analysis showed that the total number of CD34+ cells or CFU-GM content of the apheresis products could be predicted (r = 0.915, P = 0.0001) from the absolute number of CD34+ cells in the blood. A number of 10 circulating CD34+ cells per mm3 blood ensured a minimum of 0.5 x 10(6) CD34+ cells per kg, collected on the same day. Of the 30 patients, 17 received an autologous graft that contained only PBPC in 13. Long-term and complete hematological reconstitution was observed in all patients who had a minimum of 2 x 10(6) CD34+ cells per kg reinfused.

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