Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Plant Cell Physiol. 1996 Jan;37(1):49-59.

Efficient promoter cassettes for enhanced expression of foreign genes in dicotyledonous and monocotyledonous plants.

Author information

National Institute of Agrobiological Resources, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.


A series of chimeric promoters for higher-level expression of foreign genes in plants was constructed as fusions of a gene for beta-glucuronidase (GUS) with the terminator of a gene for nopaline synthase (nos) or of the cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) 35S transcript, and the strength of these promoters was assayed in transient and stable expression systems in tobacco and rice. As parts of these promoters, the CaMV 35S core promoter, three different 5'-upstream sequences of the 35S promoter, the first intron of a gene for phaseolin, and a 5'-untranslated sequence (omega sequence) of tobacco mosaic virus were used in various combinations. In tobacco and rice protoplasts, all three fragments of the 35S promoter (-419 to -90, -390 to -90 and -290 to -90, relative to the site of initiation of transcription), the intron, and the omega sequence effectively enhanced GUS activity. Some chimeric promoters allowed levels of GUS activity that were 20- to 70-fold higher than those obtained with the 35S promoter in pBI221. In tobacco protoplasts, the two longer fragments of the 35S promoter were more effective than the shortest fragment. In rice cells, by contrast, the shortest fragment was as effective as the two longer ones. The terminator of the 35S transcript was more effective than that of the nos gene for gene expression. In transgenic tobacco plants, a representative powerful promoter, as compared to the 35S promoter, allowed 10- and 50-fold higher levels of expression on average and at most, respectively, with no clear qualitative differences in tissue- and organ-specific patterns of expression. When the representative promoter was introduced into tobacco with a gene for luciferase, the autofluorescence of detached leaves after a supply of luciferin to petioles was great and was easily detectable by the naked eye in a dark room.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center