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Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 1995 Nov;35(4):387-9.

Gestational diabetes: do all women need to be tested?

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Illawarra Area Health Service University of Wollongong, New South Wales.


The results of glucose tolerance testing in 1,185 consecutive women were examined with respect to historical risk factors for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). GDM was present in 79 of 1,185 (6.7%) of the women. GDM was present in 8.5% of women aged > or = 30 years, in 12.3% of women with a preconception BMI > or = 30 and in 11.6% of women with a family history of diabetes in a first degree relation. A combination of one or all of these risk factors predicted GDM in only 48 of 79 (60.8%) cases. GDM was present in 4.8% of women without risk factors. Testing for GDM on the basis of these historical risk factors alone, and using the Australasian Diabetes in Pregnancy Society (ADIPS) criteria for diagnosis, would miss more than one-third of all cases. This study supports the ADIPS recommendation that there should be universal testing.

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[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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