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Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 1996 Jan;353(2):233-40.

RPR 101821, a new potent cholesterol-lowering agent: inhibition of squalene synthase and 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase.

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1
Department of Cardiovascular Biology, Rhône-Poulenc Rorer, Collegeville, PA 19426-0107, USA.

Abstract

RPR 101821 (trans-2-[4-(benzoxazol-2-yl)-phenylmethoxy] amino cyclohexane hydrochloride) is a potent cholesterol-lowering agent in rodents and marmoset. The compound inhibited rat liver microsomal squalene synthase (IC50 = 1 nM) and 7-dehydrocholesterol (7DHC) reductase (IC50 = 1 microM; Lewis et al. 1995). When RPR 101821 (10 mg/kg), the 7DHC reductase inhibitor BM 15.766 (4[2-[4-(4-chlorocinnamyl)piperazine-1-yl]ethyl] benzoic acid; 10 mg/kg) or the HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor lovastatin (30 mg/kg) was given orally to rats at -29 h, -21 h and -5 h, serum cholesterol was reduced by 56%, 46% or 15%, respectively. The reduction in cholesterol with RPR 101821 was associated with an accumulation of 7DHC in serum, suggesting an inhibition of 7DHC reductase. In the presence of BM 15.766, RPR 101821 reduced the serum accumulation of 7DHC in a dose-dependent manner, with complete inhibition at 30 mg/kg, p.o. In Balb-cJ mice, RPR 101821 and lovastatin (50 mg/kg, b.i.d., p.o., for 14 days) lowered serum cholesterol by 67% and 2%, respectively. In marmosets, RPR 101821 and lovastatin (both at a dose of 10 mg/kg, p.o., b.i.d., for 7 days) reduced cholesterol by 28% and 19%, respectively. In summary, RPR 101821 is an orally effective potent cholesterol-lowering agent in rodents and a small primate species. The suggested mechanism of hypocholesterolemic effect is the inhibition of squalene synthase and 7DHC reductase.

PMID:
8717165
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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