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Annu Rev Med. 1996;47:463-71.

The evaluation of diagnostic tests: principles, problems, and new developments.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755, USA.

Abstract

This article describes the use of probability in reasoning about diagnostic test results and the importance of accurate measures of test performance. Most studies of test performance are retrospective analyses of unplanned observations. Retrospective studies are likely to result in biased estimates of test performance. This article shows how to adjust for biases in the results of retrospective studies and how to design a prospective study that will accurately measure the sensitivity and specificity of a test.

PMID:
8712795
DOI:
10.1146/annurev.med.47.1.463
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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