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J Med Chem. 1996 Jul 19;39(15):2980-9.

Interaction of 1,4-dihydropyridine and pyridine derivatives with adenosine receptors: selectivity for A3 receptors.

Author information

1
Molecular Recognition Section, National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-0810, USA.

Abstract

1,4-Dihydropyridine and pyridine derivatives bound to three subtypes of adenosine receptors in the micromolar range. Affinity was determined in radioligand binding assays at rat brain A1 and A2A receptors using [3H]-(R)-PIA [[3H]-(R)-N6-(phenylisopropyl)adenosine] and [3H]CGS 21680 [[3H]-2-[[4-(2-carboxyethyl)phenyl]ethylamino]-5'-(N-ethylcarbamoyl++ +) adenosine], respectively. Affinity was determined at cloned human and rat A3 receptors using [125I]AB-MECA [N6-(4-amino-3-iodobenzyl)-5'-(N-methylcarbamoyl)adenosine]. Structure-activity analysis at adenosine receptors indicated that sterically bulky groups at the 4-, 5-, and 6-positions are tolerated. (R,S)-Nicardipine, 12, displayed Ki values of 19.6 and 63.8 microM at rat A1 and A2A receptors, respectively, and 3.25 microM at human A3 receptors. Similarly, (R)-niguldipine, 14, displayed Ki values of 41.3 and 1.90 microM at A1 and A3 receptors, respectively, and was inactive at A2A receptors. A preference for the R- vs the S-enantiomer was observed for several dihydropyridines at adenosine receptors, in contrast with the selectivity at L-type Ca2+ channels. A 4-trans-beta-styryl derivative, 24, with a Ki value of 0.670 microM at A3 receptors, was 24-fold selective vs A1 receptors (Ki = 16.1 microM) and 74-fold vs A2A receptors (Ki = 49.3 microM). The affinity of 24 at L-type Ca2+ channels, measured in rat brain membranes using [3H]isradipine, indicated a Ki value of 0.694 microM, and the compound is thus nonselective between A3 receptors and L-type Ca2+ channels. Inclusion of a 6-phenyl group enhanced A3 receptor selectivity: Compound 28 (MRS1097; 3,5-diethyl 2-methyl-6-phenyl-4-(trans-2-phenylvinyl)-1,4(R,S)-dihydro-pyridin e-3, 5-dicarboxylate) was 55-fold selective vs A1 receptors, 44-fold selective vs A2A receptors, and over 1000-fold selective vs L-type Ca2+ channels. In addition, compound 28 attenuated the A3 agonist-elicited inhibitory effect on adenylyl cyclase. Furthermore, whereas nicardipine, 12, displaced radioligand from the Na(+)-independent adenosine transporter with an apparent affinity of 5.36 +/- 1.51 microM, compound 28 displaced less than 10% of total binding at a concentration of 100 microM. Pyridine derivatives, when bearing a 4-alkyl but not a 4-phenyl group, maintained affinity for adenosine receptors. These findings indicate that the dihydropyridines may provide leads for the development of novel, selective A3 adenosine antagonists.

PMID:
8709132
DOI:
10.1021/jm9600205
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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