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J Med Chem. 1996 Jul 5;39(14):2738-44.

Novel cyclic analogs of angiotensin II with cyclization between positions 5 and 7: conformational and biological implications.

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Department of Molecular Biology and Pharmacology, Washington University, St.Louis, Missouri 63130, USA.


To study the conformational features of molecular recognition of angiotensin II (Asp1-Arg2-Val3-Tyr4-Val/IIe5-His6-Pro7-Phe8, AII), the synthesis and biological testing of several cyclic analogs of AII cyclized between positions 5 and 7 have been performed. The synthesized analogs were Sar1-Arg2-Val3-Tyr4-cyclo(Cys5-His6-Pen7)-Phe8 (3), Sar1-Arg2-Val3-Tyr4-cyclo(Asp5-His6-Apt7)-Phe8 (4), Sar1-Arg2-Val3-Tyr4-cyclo(Glu5-His6-Apt7)-Phe8 (5), Sar1-Arg2-Val3-Tyr4-cyclo-(Cys5-His6-Mpt7)-Phe8 (6), Sar1-Arg2-Val3-Tyr4-cyclo(Cys5-His6-Mpc7)-Phe8 (7), Sar1-Arg2-Val3-Tyr4-cyclo(Hcy5-His6-Mpt7)-Phe8 (8), and Sar1-Arg2-Val3-Tyr4-cyclo(Hcy5-His6-Mpc7)-Phe8 (9), where Apt stands for 4-amino-trans-proline, and Mpt and Mpc for 4-mercapto-trans- and -cis-prolines, respectively. Compound (9) showed good affinity at AT-1 receptors, namely a KD = 20 nM. In functional assays, it showed the characteristics of a weak partial agonist with a relative affinity of 0.26% of that for AII and an intrinsic efficacy, alpha E, of 0.42. Molecular modeling suggested a possible explanation for this finding: the relatively strong binding and the weak partial agonistic activity of compound 9 are due to interaction with AT-1 receptor of only two functionally important groups, namely, the side chains of the His6 and Phe8 residues.

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