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J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). 1996 Feb;42(1):47-54.

Pharmacological effects of phosphatidylserine enzymatically synthesized from soybean lecithin on brain functions in rodents.

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Yakult Central Institute for Microbiological Research, Tokyo, Japan.


Soybean transphosphatidylated phosphatidylserine (SB-tPS) was prepared from soybean phosphatidylcholine by transphosphatidylation using phospholipase D, and the fatty acids composition and pharmacological properties were compared with those of bovine brain cortex-derived phosphatidylserine (BC-PS) which was reported to improve cognitive disorders of senile dementia patients by oral administration (300 mg/day). The molecular species of SB-tPS are rich in linoleic and palmitic acids whereas those of BC-PS are stearic and oleic acids. Despite the differences in fatty acid composition, SB-tPS displayed significant activities on the increase in brain glucose concentrations in mice (79 mg/kg, i.v.) and the restoration of scopolamine-induced amnesia in rats (60 mg/kg, i.p.) as did BC-PS. These results suggest the possibility that SB-tPS may prevent and/or improve senile dementia by oral administration.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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