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J Nucl Med. 1996 Aug;37(8):1336-42.

Radiation dosimetry of technetium-99m-DMSA in children.

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Department of Medical Physics and Radiology, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust, London.


Radiation dosimetry was performed on 24 children (aged 5 wk to 14.8 yr) who were undergoing routine diagnostic investigation of renal impairment with 99mTc-DMSA.


Organ doses were calculated using MIRDOSE 3 with biokinetic data obtained in previously described studies, and effective doses and effective dose equivalents were estimated. Interpolation by inverse weight between pediatric anthropomorphic phantoms was compared with age-matching to discrete phantoms. Administered activities were scaled by body surface area from the adult activity of 100 MBq and the resulting radiation doses in normal children were compared with those that would have resulted from a schedule based on body weight.


The effective doses estimated by interpolation differed by up to 46% from those based on discrete phantoms and showed less variation. In children with normal bilateral renal function, the mean effective dose per administered activity was 0.91 +/- 0.08 mSv or 0.98 +/- 0.29 mSv by the two methods, respectively. Renal pathology reduced the effective dose, on average, by 15% of the value for normal patients.


Over the pediatric age range, the uniformity of effective dose values was improved by scaling the administered activity according to body surface area rather than to body weight.

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