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N Engl J Med. 1977 Jun 2;296(22):1245-9.

The pituitary-testicular axis in men with chronic renal failure.

Abstract

We studied the effects of uremia on the pituitary-testicular axis in 35 men with creatinine clearances less than 4 ml per minute per 1.7m(2). We found significant elevation (p less than 0.001) of plasma luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone (p less than 0.005) and subnormal levels of testosterone (p less than 0.005). Testicular histology revealed severe spermatogenic damage. Human chorionic gonadotropin produced a subnormal testosterone response. The initial response of plasma luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone to luteinizing-hormone-releasing hormone was normal, but their subsequent decline was prolonged. The suppression of plasma luteinizing hormone levels by testosterone propionate was normal, but the nadir occurred late; the elevated plasma luteinizing hormone level was due to reduced metabolic clearnace and increased production. Chronic renal failure interferes with testicular steroid production and spermatogenesis.

PMID:
870823
DOI:
10.1056/NEJM197706022962201
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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