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Exp Gerontol. 1996 Jan-Apr;31(1-2):159-74.

Identification of gene sequences overexpressed in senescent and Werner syndrome human fibroblasts.

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Department of Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, USA.


The phenotype of replicative senescence is a dominant trait in human diploid fibroblasts (HDF). Therefore, we have sought to identify overexpressed and/or newly expressed causal genes by constructing and screening a subtracted cDNA library derived from polyA+RNA of prematurely senescent Werner syndrome (WS) HDF. We have identified 15 cDNA clones that are overexpressed in senescent and WS HDF. Among them are six known sequences coding for: acid sphingomyelinase, fibronectin, SPARC, nm23-metastasis suppressor protein, and two translation factors, eIF-2 beta and EF-1 alpha. Among the 10 unknown clones are: S1-5, which encodes a secreted protein containing EGF-like domains and paradoxically stimulates DNA synthesis of young HDF in an autocrine and paracrine manner, S1-3, which encodes a protein containing "zinc finger" domains, suggesting nucleic acid binding properties; S1-15, which shows sequence similarities to human alpha 2-chimerin; and S2-6, which represents a new member of the LIM family of proteins. The other five clones do not have any significant homology to known sequences. Steady-state mRNA levels of all gene sequences thus far studied are elevated in both WS and senescent normal HDF when compared to young HDF, which suggests that senescent and WS HDF enter a final common pathway where multiple gene overexpression may generate diverse antiproliferative mechanisms and pathogenic sequelae.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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