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Eur J Biochem. 1996 Jul 15;239(2):391-6.

Dimethylsulfide:acceptor oxidoreductase from Rhodobacter sulfidophilus. The purified enzyme contains b-type haem and a pterin molybdenum cofactor.

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  • 1Centre for Metalloprotein Spectroscopy and Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK.


Dimethylsulfide:receptor oxidoreductase was purified from the purple non-sulfur phototrophic bacterium Rhodobacter sulfidophilus. The native form of the enzyme had a molecular mass of 152 kDa and was composed of three distinct subunits of 94, 38 and 32 kDa. Dimethylsulfide:acceptor oxidoreductase did not oxidise other thioethers which were tested. The enzyme was able to reduce a variety of N-oxides using reduced methylviologen as electron donor but it reduced dimethylsulfoxide at a very low rate. The resting form of dimethylsulfide:acceptor oxidoreductase exhibited a spectrum which was characteristic of a reduced cytochrome with absorbance maxima at 562 nm, 533 nm and 428 nm. Pyridine haemochrome analysis established that the cytochrome contained a b-type haem and a content of 0.65 mol protohaem/mol enzyme was determined. After oxidation of the haem with ferricyanide, the absorbance spectrum of the reduced cytochrome was restored by reduction with dimethylsulfide. Metal analysis revealed that dimethylsulfide:acceptor oxidoreductase contained 0.5 mol Mo and 3.5 mol Fe/mol enzyme. Heat treatment of the enzyme released material with fluorescence excitation and emission spectra which were characteristic of form B of the pterin component of the pterin molybdenum cofactor. From this analysis it is concluded that dimethylsulfide:acceptor oxidoreductase is a molybdenum oxotransferase which may also contain a iron-sulfur cluster. It is suggested that the haem and pterin molybdenum cofactor are associated with the 94-kDa subunit.

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