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Cancer Detect Prev. 1996;20(2):137-45.

Inhibition of hepatocellular carcinoma development and erythrocyte polyamine levels in ODS rats fed on 3'-methyl-4-dimethylaminoazobenzene by hemicalcium ascorbate, 2-O-octadecylascorbic acid, and ascorbyl palmitate.

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Institute for Comprehensive Medical Science, School of Medicine, Fujita Health University, Aichi, Japan.


We examined the modifying effect of hemicalcium ascorbate (Ca-Asc), and its lipophilic derivatives, 2-O-octadecylascorbic acid (CV-3611) and ascorbyl palmitate (AscP), on hepatocarcinogenesis by 3'-methyl-4-dimethylaminoazobenzene (3'-Me-DAB) in ODS rats (a mutant unable to synthesize ascorbic acid). Male 14-week-old ODS rats were given a modified AIN-A diet or the diet containing 0.06% 3'-Me-DAB, and drinking water containing 0.1% ascorbic acid. Rats were divided into the following eight groups: Group 1, no treatment (basal diet alone); Group 2, Ca-Asc; Group 3, CV-3611; Group 4, AscP;Group 5, 3'-Me-DAB; Group 6, 3'-Me-DAB + Ca-Asc; Group 7, 3'-Me-DAB + CV-3611; and Group 8, 3'-Me-DAB + AscP. Ca-Asc (2 g/kg), CV-3611 (0.2 g/kg), and AscP (0.6 g/kg) was administered once every day by gavage. 3'-Me-DAB was given in the basal diet. After 17 weeks, animals were killed by exsanguination, and the liver was weighed and processed for histological examination. Treatment by CV-3611 exerted a marked inhibitory effect on the development of 3'-Me-DAB-induced hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) as measured by multiplicity. Although less effective than CV-3611, Ca-Asc and AscP also showed inhibitory effect. We have also studied the correlation of erythrocyte (RBC) polyamine levels and HCC development. RBC polyamine levels were inhibited by Ca-Asc and its derivatives, indicating it may be a marker of hepatocarcinogenesis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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