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Plant Mol Biol. 1996 Apr;31(1):143-7.

Molecular characterization of the mitochondrial citrate synthase gene of an acidless pummelo (Citrus maxima).

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Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California, Riverside 92521, USA.


Pummelo (Citrus maxima [Burm.] Merrill) cDNAs encoding mitochondrial citrate synthase (mCS) were cloned by reverse transcription of juice-sac poly(A)+ mRNA, followed by Taq Polymerase-mediated amplification. The nucleotide sequence of the citrus gene (cit1) is 77% conserved relative to plant mRNAs for mCS. The encoded polypeptide includes a mitochondrial targeting signal at its amino terminus; all 20 putative active-site residues of the citrus enzyme are conserved. Southern hybridization showed that citrus cit1 is a single-copy gene. A polymorphism associated with cit1 did not cosegregate with fruit acidity indicating that acitric, the gene causing the acidless phenotype of pummelo 2240, is not an allele of cit1 locus. Quantitative detection of cit1 mRNA showed that transcript levels are not developmentally regulated in juice sacs; no differences were observed between high- and low-acid genotypes.

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