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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1996 Jul 16;224(2):351-7.

Chemostat selection of an Escherichia coli mutant containing permease with enhanced lactose affinity.

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Graduate Institute of Microbiology and Immunology, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China.


Chemostats supplied with limited lactose were used to ask whether it was possible to generate and isolate any mutant of Escherichia coli lactose permease which allowed cells to grow faster. The permease and beta-galactosidase activities of the chemostat culture initially rose together to reach a plateau. After 30 days, the former underwent a second increase alone. From this culture, a faster-growing mutant was isolated. Its permease gene was cloned, sequenced, and found to have a single base pair changed. Thymine at position 199 was changed to guanine, resulting in serine 67 being substituted by alanine. Cells bearing this mutant in the plasmid could grow faster than parents in 10 microM lactose. The Km of the mutant permease toward lactose was 1.4 mM, about half of the wild-type value. Thus, a mutant with higher affinity for substrate could be selected from the chemostat.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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