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Yeast. 1996 Mar 30;12(4):333-48.

Candida maltosa NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase: cloning of a full-length cDNA, heterologous expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and function of the N-terminal region for membrane anchoring and proliferation of the endoplasmic reticulum.

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Max-Delbrück Centre for Molecular Medicine, Research Group Membrane proteins, Berlin-Buch, Germany.


A full-length cDNA for NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase from Candida maltosa was cloned and sequenced. The derived amino acid sequence showed a high similarity to the reductases from other eukaryotes. Expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae under control of the GAL10 promoter resulted in an approximately 70-fold increase in NADPH-cytochrome c reductase activity in the microsomal fraction. The functional integrity of the heterologously expressed reductase as an electron transfer component for alkane hydroxylating cytochrome P450 from C. maltosa was shown in a reconstituted system containing both enzymes in a highly purified state. The signal-anchor sequence of the reductase was identified within the N-terminal region of the protein by means of constructing and expressing fusion proteins with the cytosolic form of yeast invertase. The first 33 amino acids turned out to be sufficient for stable membrane insertion, wild-type membrane orientation and retention in the endoplasmic reticulum. As shown by immunoelectron microscopy, the heterologously expressed reductase was integrated into the endoplasmic reticulum of the host organism. It triggered a strong proliferation of the membrane system. This membrane-inducing property of the reductase was transferable to the cytosolic reporter protein with the same N-terminal sequences that confer membrane insertion.

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