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Toxicol Lett. 1996 Sep;87(1):31-8.

Kinetics of Cu2+ inhibition of Na+/K(+)-ATPase.

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Department of Animal Physiology, Faculty of Science, Toernooiveld, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.


The interaction of Cu2+ with enzymatic activity of rabbit kidney Na+/K(+)-ATPase was studied in media with buffered, defined free Cu2+ levels. The IC50-values are 0.1 mumol/l for Na+/K(+)-ATPase and 1 mumol/l for K(+)-pNPPase. Dithiothreitol (DTT) reverses the inhibitory effect of Cu2+ in vitro. Cu2+ exerts non-competitive effects on the enzyme with respect to Na+, K+, ATP or pNPP, but has a mixed-type inhibitory effect with respect to Mg2+. It is concluded that the appreciation of the inhibitory effect of Cu2+ on this enzyme requires carefully composed assay media that include a buffer for Cu2+, and that the IC50-values calculated according to this model indicate that Cu2+ may be more toxic than previously anticipated.

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